Standard dances

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Waltz is a ballroom folk dance, performed mostly in closed positions and  and written in three quarters of a beat. The waltz became fashionable in Vienna around the 1780s, spreading to many other countries in the years to follow. The waltz, and especially its closed position, became the example for the creation of many other ballroom dances. Subsequently, new types of waltz have developed, including many folk and several ballroom dances.In contemporary ballroom dance, the fast versions of the waltz are called Viennese Waltz. The Viennese custom is to slightly anticipate the second beat, which conveys a faster, lighter rhythm, and also breaks of the phrase. The younger Strauss would sometimes break up the one-two-three of the melody with a one-two pattern in the accompaniment along with other rhythms, maintaining the 3/4 time while causing the dancers to dance a two-step waltz. Waltz is one of the five competitive ballroom dances in today's dance competitions around the world.


Foxtrot is a ballroom dance. The exact origin of the name of the dance is unclear, although one theory often cited is that took its name from its inventor, Harry Fox. The dance was premiered in 1914, quickly catching the eye of the talented husband and wife duo Vernon and Irene Castle, who lent the dance its signature grace and style. From the late teens through the 1940s, the foxtrot was certainly the most popular fast dance and the vast majority of records issued during these years were foxtrots. The Waltz and Tango, while popular, never overtook the foxtrot. Even the popularity of the Lindy Hop in the 1940s did not affect the foxtrot's popularity, since it could be danced to the same records used to accompany the Lindy Hop. In the context of International competitions, where foxtrot is one of the five competitive dances, foxtrot is called "Slow Foxtrot", or "Slowfox".    


Ballroom Tango is a ballroom dance  hat branched away from its original Argentine roots by allowing European, American, Hollywood, and competitive influences into the style and execution of the dance. In 1912 tango was introduced to British audiences, showcased in the successful musical comedy The Sunshine Girl. Concurrently, the dance became popular elsewhere in Europe, particularly in Paris. As the European dancers enjoyed the music and passion of the dance, they began to inject their own culture, style and technique into the dance. In an effort to teach a standardized version of the tango, the English eventually codified their own version of tango for instruction in dance schools and for performance in competitions in 1922. The resulting style was referred to as English style, but eventually took on the name International style, as this became the competitive ballroom version practiced around the world. Eventually, championships in the international style tango were organized all over Europe with numerous participating countries. Adjudicators were able to judge against a standardized syllabus and book of techniques, thereby creating a more objective means of picking the champions, even though artistic interpretation remains an important element of competition.  

Viennese Waltz

Viennese Waltz is a genre of ballroom dances. The Viennese Waltz is a rotary dance where the dancers are constantly turning either toward their right (natural) or toward their left (reverse), interspersed with non-rotating change steps to switch between the direction of rotation. A true Viennese waltz consists only of turns and change steps. Other moves such as the fleckerls, American-style figures and side sway or underarm turns are modern inventions and are not normally danced at the annual balls in Vienna. Furthermore, in a properly danced Viennese Waltz, couples do not pass, but turn continuously left and right while travelling counterclockwise around the floor following each other. Today Viennese Waltz is a ballroom dance and a part of the International standard division of competitive ballroom dances.


Quickstep is an International Ballroom dance that follows a 4/4 time beat, at about 50 bars per minute.  From its early beginning as a faster Foxtrot the Quickstep has become quite distinctive. It is danced to the fastest tempo of the ballroom dances. The Quickstep evolved in the 1920s from a combination of the Foxtrot, Charleston, Shag, Peabody and One step. The dance is English in origin, and was standardized in 1927. While it evolved from the Foxtrot, the Quickstep now is quite separate. Unlike the modern Foxtrot, the man often closes his feet and syncopated steps are regular occurrences. Three characteristic dance figures of the Quickstep are the chasses, the quarter turns and the lock step. This dance gradually evolved into a very dynamic one with a lot of movement on the dance floor, with many advanced patterns including hops, runs, quick steps with a lot of momentum, and rotation. The tempo of Quickstep dance is rather brisk as it was developed to ragtime era jazz music which is fast-paced when compared to other dance music. The Quickstep is elegant like the Foxtrot, and should be smooth and glamorous. The dancers should appear to be very light on their feet. It is very energetic and form-intensive. Finally, Quickstep is the last of the five ballroom competitive dances in championships around the world. 

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